Vere, John de, Earl of Oxford
- (1443–1513)A staunch partisan of the house of LANCASTER, John de Vere, thirteenth earl of Oxford, helped overthrow the house of YORK in both 1470 and 1485.The second son of the twelfth earl, Oxford succeeded to the family title in 1462, when EDWARD IV executed his father and elder brother for allegedly plotting a Lancastrian invasion (see Oxford Conspiracy). In 1468, Oxford also fell under suspicion of Lancastrian dealings and spent some months in the TOWER OF LONDON. In the spring of 1470, he fled England for the continent with his brother-in-law, Richard NEVILLE, earl of Warwick, who was then in rebellion against Edward IV.When Warwick restored HENRY VI in the following autumn, Oxford became constable of England and used his position to pronounce sentence of death on John TIPTOFT, earl of Worcester, the Yorkist constable who had condemned his father and brother (see Edward IV, Overthrow of). Oxford commanded the Lancastrian van at the Battle of BARNET in April 1471 and fled to FRANCE after Edward IV’s restoration (see Edward IV, Restoration of). In September 1473, the earl landed in Cornwall and seized St. Michael’s Mount, which he held for two months until forced by siege to surrender. PARLIAMENT attainted Oxford in 1475, and Edward IV imprisoned him at the CALAIS fortress of Hammes, from which he escaped with the help of the governor, Sir James Blount, in 1484. Upon gaining his freedom, the earl, like Blount, joined Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, in France. Oxford returned to Hammes later in the year and obtained leave for the fortress’s pro-Richmond garrison to depart unmolested. Landing in England with Richmond in 1485, Oxford served as captaingeneral of the earl’s army and commanded its right wing at the Battle of BOSWORTH FIELD on 22 August. The success of Oxford’s initial assault upon the royal army likely convinced RICHARD III to launch his charge against Richmond’s position, which in turn caused Sir William STANLEY to abandon his neutrality and intervene decisively on Richmond’s behalf.Now king as HENRY VII, Richmond rewarded Oxford with numerous offices, including chamberlain of England, constable of the Tower, and lord admiral. The earl commanded the van of the royal army against Yorkist rebels at the Battle of STOKE in 1487 and helped crush the Cornish uprising of 1497 (see Simnel, Lambert). In 1499, as steward of England, he condemned to death Edward PLANTAGENET, earl of Warwick, the last direct male heir of the house of York. Oxford outlived Henry VII by four years, dying in March 1513.Further Reading: “John Vere,” in Michael Hicks, Who’s Who in Late Medieval England (London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1991), pp. 335–337; Ross, Charles, Edward IV (New Haven, CT:Yale University Press, 1998); Ross, Charles, Richard III (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981); Seward, Desmond, The Wars of the Roses (New York:Viking, 1995).
Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. John A.Wagner. 2001.
Look at other dictionaries:
De Vere, Edward, 17th Earl Of Oxford — (1550 1604) Born at Castle Hedingham, Essex, he succeeded to the title at the age eight and was a royal ward under the care of William Cecil (later Lord Burghley). At his majority he regained control of his estates and married Anne Cecil,… … British and Irish poets
John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford — (c. 12 March 1312 – 24 January 1360) was the nephew and heir of Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford. He succeded as Earl of Oxford in 1331, after his uncle died without issue. John de Vere was a trusted captain of Edward III in the king s wars in… … Wikipedia
John de Vere, 13. Earl of Oxford — (* 8. September 1442; † 10. März 1513), war ein englischer Adliger und erblicher Lord Great Chamberlain von England. Während der Zeit der Rosenkriege war er einer der wichtigsten Anhänger des Hauses Lancaster. Er war ein jüngerer Sohn des John de … Deutsch Wikipedia
John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford — was an English aristocrat and courtier.John de Vere was a Protestant and the son of John de Vere and Alice Kilrington (alias Colbroke), and descended from his Grandfather the eleventh earl, Richard de Vere (d. 1417)The fifteenth earl of Oxford… … Wikipedia
John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford — (23 April, 1408 ndash; 26 February, 1462) was the son of Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford. A minor at his father s death in 1417, he came to the earldom in 1429. His wife was Elizabeth Howard, daughter of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk.A… … Wikipedia
John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford — (1516 ndash; 3 August, 1562) was born to John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford and Elizabeth Trussel, daughter of Edward Trussel. He was styled Lord Bolebec 1526 to 1540 before he succeeded his fathers title. He married first Dorothy Neville,… … Wikipedia
John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford — (8 September, 1442 ndash; 10 March, 1513) was one of the principal Lancastrian commanders during the English Wars of the Roses.Early in the reign of Edward IV, Oxford s father, the 12th Earl, and his elder brother were executed for plotting… … Wikipedia
John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford — (14 August 1499 1526) was the son of Sir George de Vere and Margaret Stafford. He also went by the nick name of Little John of Campes … Wikipedia
Earl of Oxford — Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford. Earl of Oxford is a dormant title in the Peerage of England, held for several centuries by the de Vere family from 1141 until the death of the 20th earl in 1703. The Veres were also hereditary holders of the… … Wikipedia
Earl von Oxford — Lord Great Chamberlain Edward de Vere, 17. Earl von Oxford Herbert Henry Asquith, 1.Earl von Oxford und Asquith … Deutsch Wikipedia